24 seconds: Betaine is a supplement that can prevent the adverse effects of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a condition faced by many pregnant women. Women with GDM transfer an excess amount of nutrients to their fetus via the placenta which increases the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes for the baby in the future. The supplementation of betaine can reduce the amount of nutrients transported to the fetus by reducing the expression of Ki67 and angiogenesis. A lower Ki67 expression implies there are fewer cells and a lower expression of angiogenesis implies there are fewer capillaries. The reduction in placental cells and capillaries in the placenta reduces the transport of nutrients to the baby. As a result, this can reduce the prevalence of the births of unhealthy babies from women who are diagnosed with GDM.
7 Words: Betaine is a vital supplement during pregnancy.
Stella Ruan (Class of 2020)